ADUS Healthcare – EST: 2009 Crack Cocaine – There is no better time to get help, than now. ADUS Healthcare is a substance misuse company helping hundreds of people every year who maybe suffering from a drug or alcohol problem. We have rehabilitation centres available all over the UK and can help people with funding and housing if needed after their recovery. We are here 24 hours a day and all our help and advice is free. Our lines are open 24 hours a day, and we look forward to your calls, and all calls are treated in the strictest of confidence. Crack Cocaine Crack cocaine is the purest form of cocaine and delivers an intense high of roughly 15 minutes, having the potential to hook someone even after a single use. The name ‘crack’ derives from the ‘crackling’ sound that can be heard when it is heated and smoked. History Crack cocaine first came about in the 1970’s during the cocaine boom that originated in South America and became hugely popular in urban areas within the 1980’s, mainly due to it being cheaper to produce and cheaper to purchase than regular cocaine. During this period there was a growing epidemic of ‘crack babies’ in America, as one doctor hypothesised in a journal of medicine that babies exposed to crack in the womb were susceptible to permanent cognitive harm. Women that smoke crack during pregnancy often have babies that are born prematurely, leading to them being smaller and more prone to suffering from developmental or cognitive impairments. Crack cocaine comes in the form of a rock that is then cut down and split into separate smaller rocks of certain weights before being sold or used. It is commonly smoked using a glass pipe or water pipe, as smoking delivers the substance to the brain quicker than snorting or ingesting it. Crack works by releasing huge amounts of dopamine, the neurotransmitter associated with the brain’s pleasure centre. The individual then begins to crave it after one use, as it is then associated to such a rapid high by the reward system of the brain. The short term effects of crack cocaine include: Increased alertness Intense euphoria Increased sensitivity to light, sound and touch It Increases heart rate Increased blood pressure Temperature increases Dilated pupils Anxiousness Decreased appetite Constricted blood vessels Death (when overdosed) Long term exposure to crack cocaine includes: Severe depression Respiratory problems Heart attack Stroke Seizures Sexual dysfunction A collapsed lung or bleeding within the lung Delirium/Psychosis Aggressive behaviour Intense paranoia Crack addiction can happen very quickly, as users feel the need to constantly chase the short high. Users develop more of a tolerance with constant use and therefore need to purchase and use larger quantities in order to carry on getting the same high. Due to the effect on the brains pleasure and reward centre that crack has, withdrawal symptoms can include depression, anxiety, psychosis, fatigue and irritability. The severity of these withdrawals can sometimes lead users to carry on taking the drug in order to avoid suffering the effects. Crack Cocaine is a highly addictive drug nicknamed Crack it has been used since the early 80’s. As a form of cocaine, crack cocaine used to be extremely expensive. Nowadays you can buy a rock from as little as £10. It comes in small quantities to make it more accessible to users. A small dose is known as a Blast. Cocaine is an illegal drug. Call us now for help Our team is here 24 hours a day, everyday. Call our team now if you would like any help and advice. ALL our help and advice is free, and we look forward to your call. All our team are fully trained in all aspects of the rehab and detox system. Call us now on Tel: 0845 3881 543 Local call rate from anywhere in the UK.